Beautiful Soup in Python

Beautiful Soup is a popular Python library used for web scraping purposes to pull the data out of HTML and XML files. It creates a parse tree that can be used to extract data in a hierarchical and more readable manner.


To start using Beautiful Soup, you need to install it and its dependencies. You can install Beautiful Soup with pip, the Python package installer.

pip install beautifulsoup4

You’ll also need a parser. Beautiful Soup supports the HTML parser included in Python’s standard library, but you can also install a third-party parser like lxml:

pip install lxml

Basic Usage

Here’s a simple example to get you started. This script will request the HTML code from a URL and parse it, providing you with a way to interact with the HTML structure easily:

from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
import requests
url = ''
response = requests.get(url)
soup = BeautifulSoup(response.text, 'html.parser')
# Extract title of the page
page_title = soup.title.string
# Find all paragraph tags
paragraphs = soup.find_all('p')
# Iterate through all found paragraphs and print them
for paragraph in paragraphs:

Basic Functions

  • find_all(): Finds all instances of a tag and returns them in a list.
  • find(): Finds the first instance of a tag and returns it.
  • get_text() or .string: Extracts the text content of a tag.
  • select(): Finds elements using CSS selector syntax.

Example of Usage

Here’s an example of how you might use Beautiful Soup to extract all URLs from a webpage:

for link in soup.find_all('a'):

Working with CSS Classes and ids

Beautiful Soup allows you to find tags with particular classes and ids, which is often very useful:

# Find all tags with a particular CSS class
for tag in soup.find_all(class_='myClass'):
# Find all tags with a particular id
tag = soup.find(id='myId')

Important Note

While web scraping is a powerful tool, it’s crucial to remember that web scraping should always be done with respect for the website’s policy and privacy of data. Always ensure to check the website’s robots.txt file and terms of service, particularly concerning data privacy and usage.

For more complex and detailed usage, refer to the Beautiful Soup documentation.

Web Scraping Mini Project Using Python

Project Idea: Scraping Daily Weather Data

Objective: Build a Python script that extracts daily weather data for a specified location from a weather website and stores it in a structured format (like a CSV file).


  • Basic knowledge of Python.
  • Understanding of HTML and web elements.
  • Familiarity with Python libraries such as BeautifulSoup and requests.

Tools and Libraries:

  • Python
  • BeautifulSoup
  • Requests
  • Pandas (for data handling)
  • CSV (for file I/O)

Steps to follow:

Step 1: Choose a Weather Website and Locate Data

Find a website that provides weather data and inspect its HTML to understand the structure of the data. It’s a good practice to check the website’s robots.txt file to ensure compliance with their use policy.

Step 2: Install and Import Necessary Libraries
pip install beautifulsoup4 requests pandas
import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
import pandas as pd
import csv
Step 3: Define URL and Send Request

Define the URL of the page with the weather data and use the requests library to send an HTTP request.

response = requests.get(url)
# Check if the request was successful (Status Code: 200)
if response.status_code == 200:
    print("Failed to retrieve the page")
Step 4: Parse HTML and Extract Data

Use BeautifulSoup to parse the HTML and extract the relevant weather data.

soup = BeautifulSoup(response.text, 'html.parser')
# Locate and extract the relevant data
# (Add your data extraction logic here based on HTML structure)
Step 5: Store Extracted Data

Store the extracted data in a structured format. You can use a Pandas DataFrame and then export it to a CSV file.

data = {
    'Date': [],
    'Temperature': [],
    'Weather': []
    # Add other data columns as needed
# Assume extracted_data contains data in a structured format
extracted_data = {'Date': ['2023-10-06'], 'Temperature': [25], 'Weather': ['Sunny']}
# Add extracted data to the data dictionary
for key in data.keys():
# Create a DataFrame
df = pd.DataFrame(data)
# Save the DataFrame to a CSV file
df.to_csv('weather_data.csv', index=False)
Step 6: Automate and Schedule the Script (optional)

You can automate the script to run at a particular time each day using scheduling libraries like schedule or time, or use a task scheduler depending on your operating system.

  • Always respect the website’s robots.txt rules and ensure your scraping activities are legal and ethical.
  • Use time.sleep() to introduce delays between requests to avoid overwhelming the server.
  • Ensure the website’s terms of service allow for web scraping.
  • This is a basic guideline. Depending on the website’s structure, you might need to modify the code.

Happy coding!

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